Wood-Framed Construction

Steps in the Traditional Construction Process include:

  • Develop floor plans and obtain government building approvals for the ‘building permit’
  • Clear the building site
  • Pour a foundation with concrete
  • Build the main load-bearing structure out of thick pieces of wood and possibly metal I-beams for large spans with few supports
  • Add floor and ceiling joists and install subfloor panels
  • Cover outer walls and roof in particleboard or plywood and vapor barrier
  • Install roof shingles or other covering for flat roof
  • Cover the walls with siding, typically vinyl or wood, but possibly stone or other materials
  • Install windows
  • Frame out interior walls with wooden 2x4s
  • Add internal plumbing, HVAC, electrical, and natural gas utilities
  • Building inspector visits to approve utilities and framing
  • Install interior drywall panels and fiberglass insulation to make walls and ceilings
  • Install bathroom fixtures
  • Spackle, prime, and paint interior walls and ceilings
  • Additional tiling on top of drywall for wet areas, such as the bathroom and kitchen backsplash
  • Install final floor covering, such as floor tile, carpet, or wood flooring
  • Install major appliances
  • Unless the original owners are building the house, at this point it is typically sold      or rented.
  • Move in furniture,  decor, personal items, and any appliances not originally supplied